chapter properties of rock materials reference

  • In situ testing

    Chapter 9 In situ testing INTRODUCTION The physical survey is that part of site investigation which aims to determine the physical properties of the ground. These are required: 1. to classify the soil into groups of materials which will exhibit broadly similar engineering behaviour; and

  • Electrical Properties of Rocks and Minerals | Handbook of ...

    ELECTRICAL RESISTIVITY (1) Electrolytic conductors.—The electrical conductivity of rocks and soils in place is generally due almost entirely to the moisture content.With some exceptions, the solid minerals which constitute the rock or soil are good insulators. Thus, the conductivity is not an essential property of the rock or rock type; it depends not only upon the capacity of the rock to ...

  • The Hoek–Brown Failure Criterion

    3 Rock Mass Properties As the primary focus of this Working Group report is failure criterion for intact rock, the application of Hoek– Brown to rock mass strength is only briefly discussed here. Fig. 1 a Comparison of the linear Mohr–Coulomb and non-linear Hoek–Brown failure envelopes plotted against triaxial test data for intact rock

  • 1 Rock mass classification

    Rock mass classification 5 ''s RQD was widely used, particularly in North America, after its introduction. Cording and (1972), Merritt (1972) and and (1988) attempted to relate RQD to Terzaghi''s rock load factors and to rockbolt requirements in tunnels. In the context of this discussion, the most important use of RQD is as a component of the RMR and Q


    PROPERTIES OF WOOD AND STRUCTURAL WOOD PRODUCTS 3.1 INTRODUCTION Wood differs from other construction materials because it is produced in a living tree. As a result, wood possesses material properties that may be significantly different from other materials normally encountered in structural design.

  • The Rock Physics Handbook

    Metrics. Book description. Responding to the latest developments in rock physics research, this popular reference book has been thoroughly updated while retaining its comprehensive coverage of the fundamental theory, concepts, and laboratory results.

  • Science Content Standards Rocks and Minerals

    Rocks and Minerals by Caitlin Scott OL EARTH SCIENCES: 4—The properties of rocks and minerals reflect the processes that formed them. As a basis for understanding this concept: a. Students know how to differentiate among igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks by referring to their properties and methods of formation (the rock cycle). b.

  • What Are the Five Properties of Rocks?

     · The five physical properties of rocks are color, luster, shape, texture and pattern. Not all rocks have the fifth property of pattern. These properties are visible and/or tactile. The color of a rock describes the hue or tone of the rock. Black, red, green or blue may be used to describe the color.

  • Wood Handbook--Chapter 3--Physical Properties and …

    reference to annual rings, as in fine grain and coarse grain, but it is also used to indicate the direction of fibers, as in straight grain, spiral grain, and curly grain. Grain, as a syno-nym for fiber direction, is discussed in detail relative to mechanical properties in Chapter 4. Wood finishers refer to wood as open grained and close ...

  • Earth Science Notes

    9. Determine the densities of known materials. 10. Compare/contrast the density of continental/oceanic rock 11. Explain the difference between a mineral and a rock. 12. Differentiate among the three major types of rocks. 13. Distinguish between intrusive and extrusive igneous rocks and how they form. 14.

  • Chapter 5 Engineering Properties of Soil and Rock

    Chapter 5 Engineering Properties of Soil and Rock 5 .1 Overview The purpose of this chapter is to identify, either by reference or explicitly herein, appropriate methods of soil and rock property assessment, and how to use that soil and rock property data to establish the final soil and rock parameters to be used for geotechnical design.

  • Chapter 12 Flashcards | Quizlet

    Specific rock properties that influence weathering include the grain size and ____ composition, as well as the types and number of discontinuities, such as fractures and bedding planes. Mineral Slope failures can be triggered by different types of specific events, including ____

  • Chapter 4: Fundamentals of Rock Properties | Engineering360

    OVERVIEW The material of which a petroleum reservoir rock may be composed can range from very loose and unconsolidated sand to a very hard and dense sandstone, limestone, or dolomite. Learn more about Chapter 4: Fundamentals of Rock Properties on GlobalSpec.

  • Rock Mechanics

    Failure of a brittle rock - point when the rock loses all resistance to stress and crumbles. ! In plastic material, specific point of failure difficult to identify - because deformation continues indefinitely at a constant level of stress. ! Strength (in plastic materials) – is defined as the level of stress at failure. Compressive Strength! 20

  • Design Manual Engineering Properties of Soil and Rock

    Chapter 200—Geotechnical Design Section 200E-1—Engineering Properties of Soil and Rock Page 3 of 12 Table 1: Typical unit weight values for soils in their natural state (after Peck, Hanson, and


    The shear strength properties of the various frac-ture types are described in the following sections. 2.1 Friction Angle of Rock Surfaces For a planar, clean (no infilling) fracture, the cohesion is zero and the shear strength is defined solely by the friction angle. The friction angle of the rock material is related to the size and shape


     · 3. When necessary, use hand gloves in handling materials in your station Sort the waste materials. Classify the waste materials by properties. There are containers provided in your station. Place the waste materials in every container after classifying. Label the containers according to the properties of materials I" 9° . ''9''. U": ''> 9.

  • Chapter Test Rocks Flashcards | Quizlet

    provide materials to make other rocks form other types of rocks be changed by natural processes ALL OF THE ABOVE (correct answer) Pumice, obsidian, and scoria are kinds of _____ ... Earth Science (Chapter 18) 40 terms. sierrapaige1. Fossils. 16 terms. e_rose_ study for coach thames class. 12 terms. Akeysiia_onfleet100. Chapter 9 notes. 50 terms.

  • Mechanical properties of materials

    Download figure: Standard image High-resolution image Stress is the internal resistance set up in a material under the action of external forces. Mathematically, stress is expressed as force divided by cross-sectional area. Strain is the deformation per unit length under the action of external forces. Mathematically, strain is expressed as the change in length divided by the original length.


    The purpose of this chapter is to identify appropriate methods for assessing soil and rock properties and describing how to use soil and rock property data to establish the final soil and rock parameters to be used in geotechnical analyses.

  • Examining Minerals and Rocks

    Mineralogic contents felsic rock, with predominance of quartz, alkali feldspar and/or feldspathoids: the felsic minerals; these rocks (e.g., granite) are usually light colored, and have low density. mafic rock, with predominance of mafic minerals pyroxenes, olivines and calcic plagioclase; these rocks

  • 3. PERMEABILITY 3.1 Theory

    larger friction between the fluid and the rock, and hence lower permeability. The permeability of rocks varies enormously, from 1 nanodarcy, nD (1×10-9 D) to 1 microdarcy,µD (1×10-6 D) for granites, shales and clays that form cap-rocks or compartmentalize a reservoir, to several darcies for extremely good reservoir rocks.

  • Wood Handbook, Chapter 05: Mechanical Properties of Wood

    properties to represent the average properties of a species is uncertain; nevertheless, the properties represent the best information available. Variability, or variation in properties, is common to all materials. Because wood is a natural material and the tree is subject to many constantly changing influences (such as


    properties and rock material behavior, which is necessary for the design and construction of projects that encounter bedrock. In addition to describing the rock, the extent of its occurrence relative to the project must also be documented. Rock classification for geotechnical purposes consists of …


    the response of rocks under a wide variety of dist urbances such as static and dynamic loading, seepage and gravity and the effect of atmospheric conditions and applied temperatures. In general, rock and rock mass properties can be divided into five groups: C physical properties …

  • Handbook of Materials Selection | Wiley Online Books

     · An innovative resource for materials properties, their evaluation, and industrial applications. The Handbook of Materials Selection provides information and insight that can be employed in any discipline or industry to exploit the full range of materials in use today-metals, plastics, ceramics, and composites. Reviews.

  • Chapter 3: Igneous Textures

    Chapter 3: Igneous Textures The texture of a rock is a result of various processes that controlled the rock''s genesis and, along with mineralogy and chemical composition, provides information that we may use to interpret the rock''s origin and history Table 3.1 at end of Chapter 3 provides a glossary of common igneous rock textures


    mechanical properties of soil and rock), electrical and electromagnetic properties, and the reflection and emission of radiation. The lunar surface material (regolith or "lunar soil") is a complex mixture of five basic particle types: crystalline rock fragments, mineral …

  • (PDF) Chapter 4 Properties of Rock Materials CHAPTER 4 ...

    Chapter 4 Properties of Rock Materials CHAPTER 4 PROPERTIES OF ROCK MATERIALS Physical Properties of Rock Material 4.1.1 Density, Porosity and Water Content. Momo yuyu. Download PDF. Download Full PDF Package. This paper. A short summary of this …

  • 2016 Chapter 4 Field Identification and In-situ Testing

    CHAPTER 4 FIELD IDENTIFICATION AND IN-SITU TESTING ... Standard or Interim Specification shall be used for reference. 4.1 SOILS ... correlation between borings and outcrops and may provide insight into engineering properties and rock material behavior which is necessary for the design and construction of projects that encounter bedrock.

  • Rock Properties

    the physical properties of the materials of which it is composed of and the manner in which they are bonded to each other Rock Mass ... Index properties of rocks are generally determined in the laboratory or in the field to provide an initial quantitative description of the rocks.

  • Reference Tables for Physical Setting/EARTH SCIENCE

    Physical Setting/Earth Science Reference Tables — 2010 Edition 3 Generalized Bedrock Geology of New York State modified from GEOLOGICAL SURVEY NEW YORK STATE MUSEUM 1989 N i a g a r a R i v e r GEOLOGIC PERIODS AND ERAS IN NEW YORK CRETACEOUS and PLEISTOCENE (Epoch) weakly consolidated to unconsolidated gravels, sands, and clays LATE TRIASSIC and EARLY …

  • Chapter 2 Asphalt and Asphalt Paving Materials

    Asphalt Paving Materials 2-1 Chapter 2 Asphalt and Asphalt Paving Materials ASPHALT DEFINED The black cementing agent known as asphalt has been used for road construction for centuries. Although there are natural deposits of asphalt, or rock asphalt, most used today is produced by the oil refining industry. Asphalt is a constituent of most ...

  • Petrophysics | ScienceDirect

    Publisher Summary. This chapter describes the characteristics of the flow of fluids through porous geological materials. Darcy''s law and its derivatives are used to describe the flow of compressible and incompressible fluids through porous rocks. The simplest case of fluid flow through porous media is the linear flow of a single-phase fluid ...

  • Chapter 4 Engineering Classification of Rock Materials

    Engineering Classification of Rock Materials Chapter 4 4–2 (210–VI–NEH, Amend. 55, January 2012) 631.0401 Rock material properties Rock material properties are measurable or describ-able lithologic properties of rock material that can be evaluated in hand specimens or tested in the laborato-

  • Physical Properties of Rocks, Volume 65

    The study of rock physics provides an interdisciplinary treatment of physical properties, whether related to geophysical, geotechnical, hydrological or geological methodology. Physical Properties of Rocks, 2nd Edition, describes the physical fundamentals of rock properties, based on typical experimental results and relevant theories and models.

  • Chapter 4 Soil and Rock Classification and Logging ...

    Chapter 4 Soil and Rock Classification and Logging 4 .1 Overview ... consideration of the physical characteristics and engineering properties of the material. The soil and rock descriptions that are contained on the field logs should be based on factual information.

  • Rock mass properties

    Rock mass properties 9 the tunnel face is shown in Figure 3 and a back analysis of the behaviour of this material suggests that an appropriate value for V ci is approximately 50 MPa. In other words, on the scale of the 5.5 m diameter tunnel, the rock mass properties are "averaged" and there

  • Lesson 1: Minerals and Rocks

    Metamorphic rock are rocks deep underground that have been changed and formed by high temperatures, pressure from overlying rock layers, or a chemical re-action, beginning as igneous rock, sedimentary rock, or other metamorphic rock. It changes the structure and texture of the older rock, normally making it hard and nonporous. METAMORPHIC ROCK